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Saturday, August 19, 2017
Date Posted:

Rome’s Paganism
Women in C of E
Rome and Islam
Prudence or Paranoia?
Rwandan Genocide
Christians in Iraq
Last Pope No Saint
Consilium Emendenda
Women, Family Life
Attempt to Whitewash
The ‘Miracle’
Origins of the Tablet
Rome Ruined Education
Rome's Education War
Who The Next Pope?
Rome Robbed Ireland
A Soul for Europe
The Vatican's Silence
Folk Superstition
Rome + Ireland
Vatican + Emancipation
O’Connell and Crown
Blair Signs It Away
Romanising of Ireland
Anglican 'gay' schism
Enslavement of Nation
Pope John Paul II
Anglicans Capitulate
Lose Heritage Forever?
Bishops Rome Burned
Were Reformers Right?
Call Him Antichrist
The Face of Rome
Popish Plot Exposed
Ignore Warning Signals
The Unofficial Visit
Rome’s Slander Refuted
Walsingham Idolatry
Days of Deliverance 14
Dr. Paisley's Speech
Days of Deliverance 13
Days of Deliverance 12
DUP Conference Speech
Days of Deliverance 11
Our Samaria
Genocide of Tutsis
E.U. Referendum
London Marathon
Days of Deliverance 10
Irish Confederation
Romes Plotting Exposed
Days of Deliverance 7
Days of Deliverance 6
Cardinal Faces Court
Days of Deliverance 5
Days of Deliverance 4
Days of Deliverance 1
Master of Hundred Arts
Teresa Beatified Info
New Cardinals Named
Swiss Guard Murders 3
Swiss Guard Murders 2
Compromise Theology
The Mysterious Death
Priest Is Dispensed! 3
Priest Is Dispensed! 2
Priest Is Dispensed! 1
An Opportunity
Holy Inquisition Today
Religion of Relics
Ecumenism And Rome
Sir Thomas More
Appeal to the Laity
Williamite Revolution
Romanism Face Lift
Dr. Paisley's Speech
Flogging a Dead Horse
John Paul Marches Rome
Churches and the EU
Inquisitor Ratzinger
Young People Today
Inquisition Alive Well
Dr Paisley Challenges
Next Conclave Looms
The Next Pope?
Rome, Russian Orthodox
Life is Beautiful? II
Woman Rides the Beast
President Putin
The Russian Orthodox
Mrs. Hanssen's Story
Hitler’s Pope Pius XII
BBC Infiltrated by RC
St. Faustina and EU?
Spectre of Opus Dei
The US Priest Scandal
N.I. Executive Fallen!
Cardinal: Murder Trial
Pope names new bishop
Ratzinger Rules Team
Jesuit Blames Bishops
Gays in the Seminary
700-Year Village Ban
Anti-Catholic Film
Icon Of Our Lady
Flirting With Popery
That Man of Sin
Mary Part of Godhead?
Carey Says Farewell
Gerry Adams and Pope
News: Admitting Lies
Catholic Scandals
Bleeding Statues
Chapter + Protectorate
The Hidden Years - 2
The Hidden Years
The Act of Settlement
England Catholicism 3
England Catholicism 2
England Catholicism 1
Rome’s Crusade
What Shall The End BE?
Naïve and Nefarious
Paradise Fauled
Choi Carp or Cavil
Biscuit Or The Mickey
English are Fatherless
Pope Asks Dead…
Aids Cure Pope Claims
Cardinal Double Speak
Bones of Contention
It's A Sex Mad World
Card-Carrying Masses
Rwandan Nuns Convicted
Blair Tells Paisley
All Hail Mary
Purgatory All
Wrong Without Shame
Paedophile Priests
Pope and 'Hellenics'
Road to Damascus
Wholly Rotten Bones
Patron Saint of Web?
Gore's Coup d'état
Buckfast Abbey
Pope Holds To The Lie
Pope's Patience Peters
Internet Intercession?
Dance With the Devil
Set To Die For Faith
Anglicans Help RC
Without Portfolio
Knights of the Vatican
Kilo Kicks the Pound
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Kennedy’s Tune
‘Grubby’ Royal Act
Dr. Paisley Statement
The Age Of Consent
Sins of the Fathers
R.C. Chaplain Cover-Up
Indecent Acts
Paedophile Priests
Pope’s Forked Tongue
Further Blow To Popery
Scarcity of Priests
Rome Beefs Up Politics
Ex-Convent Girl Screen
Forsake the Mass
Top Priority Wrong
'Must Say Sorry'
Outrage With Hospital
Birmingham Brothel
Rome and the Bible
New Vatican Ambassador
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Who's Next In Rome?
Former Pope’s Plans
Catholics Become Kings
MPs Vote For Catholic
Pope Rebukes Cardinal
Paedophile Priest
Sir Thomas More
The Curse of Apathy
Popery Not a Religion
Popery's Impious Head
Queen's Apology: Pope
The WCC Sheds Its Skin
Global Christian Forum
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Ecumenical Farce!
Papal Lie vs. Truth
Christ or the Pope?
Paedophile Priests
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Book: Battle for God
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Church of Ireland
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Massing and Wining
Aitken and Rome
Satan's Hold
Romanist Attack
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Fires of Hell
Gates of Heaven

The Re-establishment of the Roman Catholic Hierarchy in England — the years of Intrigue and Squirearchy Part 1

Used by permission from the English Churchman, January 4 2002
Dr. Clive Gillis

Rome has intensified her crusade to destroy the Williamite Protestant Revolution Settlement, which is the Constitution of the United Kingdom. A Bill, sponsored in Parliament, has succeeded in getting this matter onto the Parliamentary agenda during this session. The Queen, on a first since the Reformation, has had the Roman Catholic Cardinal of England to stay with her at Sandringham, and to preach at the Royal service in the Church of England yesterday, 13th January. We are delighted that Dr. Clive Gillis, the outstanding Protestant historian, is writing a series of articles on the historical background of this whole conspiracy to destroy our Protestant heritage. These, which are in the process of publication will be carried on the website, the first one commencing today. We will also keep our readers informed as to what is happening in Parliament as matters proceed. — Dr. Ian Paisley

The years 1631 to 1685 are familiar to Protestants as the period of Charles I, Oliver Cromwell, the English Civil War and Charles II, ending with the accession of James II, a Roman Catholic, followed by the Glorious Revolution and the establishment of the Protestant Succession.

For Rome, this was the period during which Bishop Smith was dethroned and finally forced to depart (1631) followed by the time of "English Catholics without a bishop," until Bishop Leyburn was installed on British soil to head up a Roman Catholic hierarchy. These years were filled with the intrigues of Rome, who was fearful lest England should be lost to her forever.

But did the English Reformation ever succeed, in Rome’s view, in extinguishing her former formal presence in England?

John Bossy

John Bossy, who writes with authority from the standpoint of Rome, takes up this very point. He quotes an earlier Roman historian of the period, Joseph Berington, who was one of the seculars, that is, the anti-Jesuit, patriotic Romanists. Berington said, "It is my opinion that we always had a church, incomplete it is true … holding community with the centre of unity, the Roman see. The words mission then and missionaries have been improperly applied to us."

Bossy with his impeccable scholarship, completely overthrows this view. He has written a three-part survey of the period leading up to Rome’s triumphant re-establishment of her hierarchy in 1850. The first part he entitles, The Death of a Church 1570-1688 and the concluding section, The Birth of a Denomination 1770-1850. In Rome’s opinion, we have suffered to be rebuilt in our midst that which we once destroyed at a great cost to our martyr confessors.

Bossy defines this period succinctly: "After 1631 gentry supremacy (often dubbed ‘the squirearcy’) was ensured for an indefinite time … the Catholic community settled into a position … fairly accurately called an upper class sect." Charles I insisted on the Divine Right of Kings and never called a Parliament. Another Roman Catholic comments: "For Catholics the rule of a single man, who was susceptible to persuasion was far preferable to that of a government under which from time to time their fate might be affected by a House of Commons containing many of their bitterest enemies." Another says, "It is probably that the most contented and peaceful period which the harassed Catholics were to enjoy between the outbreak of the Elizabethan repression and the last years of the 18th century was that space of a generation from the middle of the reign of James I to the outbreak of the Civil war in 1642."

Laud’s ecumensim

Laud became Archbishop in 1633. We saw in the last article that in his time the Church of England developed the ecumenism of Lancelot Andrewes and others. They saw the Church of England as the true Catholic Church of England, conforming to the nature and discipline of the most ancient Churches and the earliest Church councils, before Rome had destroyed that unity. They believed that the Church of Rome was also part of the true Catholic Church of Christ, but that the Church of England was, "the better swept, and the more cleanly kept and more substantially maintained".

Laud states this view in his famous dialogue with Jesuit Father Percy, the, Relation of the Conference between William Laud and Mr. Fisher (Percy) the Jesuit By Command King James…. (It is now available on the internet.) The exhaustive nature and ingenuity of Laud’s argument in support of his position is amazing. This tenaciously held belief blinded him to the strength of the Puritan contention that Rome was the false church portrayed in the Book of Revelation. In fact this view became the driving force behind all Laud sought to do and led eventually to his death.

Laud and the papacy

The logical conclusion of Laud’s line of thought was that the Established Church and the Roman Church were at root the one Catholic and Apostolic church. Rome feared that in these circumstances patriotic seculars might take the Oath of Allegiance and drift into the Established Church of England. A Puritan engraving in the British museum shows Laud with the mark of the beast on his forehead, which has sprouted horns. He is enthroned and the devil is offering him a cardinal’s hat, while two Romanists bribe him.

The pope was at first delighted with Laud’s view and there was talk of offering Laud a cardinal’s hat. That was until the Jesuits pointed out the danger to Rome posed by Laud’s position. Writers like Thomas Carwell soundly refuted Laud’s doctrine and re-established the doctrine of the supremacy of Rome. Carwell wrote his Labyrinthus Cantabringiensis: Or Doctor Lawds Labyrinth Being An Answer To The… Relation Of A Conference Between Himself and Mr. Fisher… Wherein The True Ground Of The Roman Catholic Religion Are Asserted… ect., and published it from the safety of Paris. The title is self-explanatory. Eventually neither Charles I personal intervention nor a secret pardon written earlier in Charles own hand and bearing the royal seal, could protect Laud from the consequences of his view. Nor could Laud find a safe haven in Rome. The will of the Puritan Commons prevailed over the Lords and Laud was sentenced to death for popery and high treason.

Charles I, relying on Laud’s position, produced a toothless Oath of Allegiance. The only obvious difficulty in the way of a Roman Catholic taking the Oath was that it involved denying the power of the pope to depose kings. Some important Romanists took the Oath – to the horror of the Jesuits.

Many of the Jesuits were now "flush with money and in rich Papists houses," and able to acquire their estates by influencing wills through the confessional. Laud was approached by the seculars to allow Bishop Smith back into England in the hope of restraining the Jesuit influence over wills and bequests. The Pope was also approached to allow Romanists to take the Oath. The Jesuits saw to it that neither ever happened.

Jesuit conversions remained steady at about 400 – 550 a year during this period.

Henrietta Maria

Meanwhile the Vatican exploited Charles I’s Roman Catholic wife, Henrietta Maria, to gain a foothold for the purpose of gathering intelligence. David Matthew, an expert on this period, writes that, "The Queen with her private chapel in St. James’ was the focus around which new liberties… could develop… she was a rallying point… converts appeared in her own immediate circle… encouraged by the King’s passivity and the Queen’s zeal… She was comprehensible to court gallants but infinitely remote from the Catholic squires in the country". [She spoke English poorly.]

The further north these wealthy landowners were situated and the more remote their dwelling, the more they were free to exert power in their own domains. This was especially so in the north east. Bossy says, "Catholic gentry families felt a lot safer with a good stretch of moorland coming down to the back of the house… if they had property so situated they would choose to live in it rather that in more comfortable house elsewhere… uplands… put a variety of administrative barriers between oneself and hostile authority… the tight parochial machinery of the lowland Church ceased, in effect, to operate at the edge of the uplands". He also points that avoidance of cattle and sheep rustling required the same defences, scouts and firearm skills as watching out for approaching Protestants enforcing anti-popery legislation.

The squirearchy

The squirearchy, with their pre-Reformation mind set, chose, lodged and paid their priest, and he would often be their children’s tutor, the estate accountant and lawyer as well as the family and estate spiritual advisor. The multitalented Jesuits were delighted to oblige as they could gain the power of indispensability over the household, and still conduct secret intrigues on the side. But the more straightforward secular priests resented the erosion of their calling. The pattern of Roman Catholic predominance in these areas persists to this day.

The remote squires may have been a law unto themselves but Rome was well able to harness their services when the need arose. Readers will recall that the banished Bishops of Chalcedon had set up a well organised ‘Chapter’ which remained intact after the bishop’s departure. So, when Laud’s outrageous behaviour provoked the Covenanters to rebellion and Henrietta appealed to the English papists for money for soldiery and arms to putdown the Covenanters, the system worked with alarming efficiency.

Thus the Canons of the chapter were able to circulate a letter to all Catholics which reached every county in the land asking them to "contribute cheerfully and bountifully upon this occasion". A large sum was raised, with Lancashire well to the fore. It is the only county in which records of the collection survive. The squires acted as treasurers. Social barriers required the priests to approach the poor, as to "what they conceive they may give, for gentlemen of quality cannot so well speak to those persons as priests and their ghostly [spiritual] fathers may". The priests, for their part, relied heavily on the simple folk’s "persistent demand… for traditional and quasi magical services". Such superstition and sorcery was not available from protestant ministers and the poor were willing to make heavy financial sacrifices to obtain them.

The Vatican could see the usefulness of the seculars, despite their leanings towards the King. Bishop Smith who died in 1655 was hovering in the wings, ready to return from abroad at any time. But the Jesuits were sworn to oppose the seculars. Henrietta’s court facilitated a period of secret intrigues which were halted only by the civil war, which casts such light on the ways of Rome that it deserves an article to itself.-

(To Be Continued.)

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