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Friday, March 24, 2017
Date Posted:
8/22/1998

Contents
Introduction (1-6)
The Bible (9-23)
The Pope (24-42)
The Sacraments (43-51)
Confirmation (53-54)
Lord's Supper (55-78)
Priesthood (79-94)
Matrimony (95-97)
SIN (98-107)
Forgiveness (108-122)
Indulgences (123-127)
Penance (128-141)
Purgatory (142-159)
Mariolatry (160-187)
Angels (188-208)
Reformation (210-213)
Patrick (214-228)
Ecumenism (229-240)


Saints and Angels and Image Worship (188-208)


A Concise Guide to Bible Christianity and Romanism
Dr. Ian R.K. Paisley


  1. What does the word 'saint' mean in the New Testament?
  2. Is the term used in an unscriptural manner even by Protestants?
  3. How does Rome create her saints?
  4. Prove that Rome teaches praying to and worship of angels and saints.
  5. Why must we regard this doctrine of Rome?
  6. What does Rome teach concerning images?
  7. What is the second commandment?
  8. What is forbidden in the second commandment?
  9. How does Rome get over the second commandment which states that we must not make or bow down or serve graven images?
  10. What does the Church of Rome understand by relics?
  11. What are the two classes of relics principally prized by Rome?
  12. Name some of the relics which are displayed and honoured by the Church of Rome.
  13. What honour is said to be due to relics?
  14. What fact is positive disproof of the genuiness of Rome's relics?
  15. What is the boast of the Church of Rome in regard to the working of miracles?
  16. Does not the character of the doctrines, in support of which the miracles of Rome are appealed to, warrant us to reject them?
  17. What is the moral code or character of Rome's alleged miracles?
  18. What was Newman's opinions of the miracles of Rome before he turned over to the Romish Church?
  19. Is this feature of Rome's character not foretold and severely condemned in the Scriptures?
  20. What is prayer?
  21. What rule has God given for our direction in prayer?

Back to Top 188. What does the word 'saint' mean in the New Testament?

According to the New Testament all who believe savingly on the Lord Jesus Christ are saints.

Back to Top 189. Is the term used in an unscriptural manner even by Protestants?

The term 'saint' as a title is borrowed from the usage of the Church of Rome and is applied by her only to such as she has canonised. The custom of calling some of God's people saints and withholding the name from others is not only inconsistent but is a concession to Romish modes of thought.

Abraham, Moses, David, Isaiah and Daniel were as truly saints as Matthew, Paul, Peter and John. Yet, by many the latter are called Saint Matthew, Saint Paul, St. Peter and St. John while the appellative of Saint is never given to any others. In the original Greek of the New Testament the title saint is not prefixed to the names of either evangelists or apostles. All believers are saints.

Back to Top 190. How does Rome create her saints?

The Pope institutes first of all a formal inquiry into the qualifications of the person for whom the honour is sought - his or her character and miracles. One official, called the devil's advocate, advances all he can against him or her and he is answered by another advocate who successfully of course defends him or her. The examination terminated satisfactorily the Pope pronounces the beatification of the candidate. Some years afterwards time having been given to collect new proofs of his merits, such as miracles performed by his relics, the canonisation takes place and his name is inserted in the Canon of saints in the Mass hence canonisation. Churches and altars are then consecrated to him or her and his remains are preserved as holy relics.

Back to Top 191. Prove that Rome teaches praying to and worship of angels and saints.

In the Missal there are prayers such as the following: "May the intercession, O Lord, of Bishop Peter Thy apostle render the prayers and offerings of Thy church acceptable to Thee that the mysteries we celebrate in his honour may obtain for us the pardon of our sins." There is a prayer that the Romanist is taught to address his guardian angel: "O my good angel whom God by His divine mercy hath appointed to be my guardian enlighten and protect me, direct and govern me this night, Amen."

Back to Top 192. Why must we regard this doctrine of Rome?

It is a pure invention of man or rather of Satan and wholly unwarranted in Scripture. It ignores the precious truth that Christ has come in the flesh and that in Him we have a High Priest who can be touched with the feelings of our infirmities; it is fitted to lead sinners away from Christ the only Mediator; and it is gross idolatry.

Back to Top 193. What does Rome teach concerning images?

The Church of Rome teaches that "images are representations of Christ of His Blessed Mother or of the saints and members of the Church of Rome, members are encouraged to pay them homage and give them votive offerings". In practise this leads to the worship of images that is idolatry, which is forbidden in the second commandment.

Back to Top 194. What is the second commandment?

"Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image or any likeness of anything that is in Heaven above or that is in the earth beneath or that is in the water under the earth. Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them nor serve them. For I the Lord thy God am a jealous God visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me and show mercy unto thousands of them that love me and keep my commandments."

Back to Top 195. What is forbidden in the second commandment?

The second commandment forbiddeth the worshipping of God by images or any other way not appointed by His Word.

Back to Top 196. How does Rome get over the second commandment which states that we must not make or bow down or serve graven images?

The Church of Rome oftentimes omits the second commandment completely from her Catechisms, as for example in the Maynooth Catechism and Butler's Irish Catechism. Having omitted the second commandment, Rome then changes the tenth commandment into two parts in order still to have ten commandments.

Back to Top 197. What does the Church of Rome understand by relics?

The dead bodies or bones of the saints also whatever other things belong to them in their mortal life.

Back to Top 198. What are the two classes of relics principally prized by Rome?

They are (1) Particles of the skull, bones, skin, teeth, hair, nails and drops of blood of the saints and (2) the instruments of torture by which they suffered death.

Back to Top 199. Name some of the relics which are displayed and honoured by the Church of Rome.

The Church of Rome displays and honours among a great many other things the following alleged relics -the hair of St. Magdalene, stones thrown at St. Stephen, hay from the manger of Bethlehem, the tail of Baalim's ass, a tooth of St. Paul, pairings of St. Edmund's toes - and it is said there are more heads of St. Peter than one or two.

Back to Top 200. What honour is said to be due to relics?

The Council of Trent did not define it. Modern authorities declare that relics are "dear pledges which animate their confidence in the communion and intercession of the saints", and that there ought to be rendered to them !an inferior and relative honour as they relate to Christ and the saints and their memorials of them". At the formal exhibition of relics at St. Peter's in Rome formal and public worship is offered to them and the Pope and Cardinals kneel before them as they do before the host and the altar.

Back to Top 201. What fact is positive disproof of the genuiness of Rome's relics?

The fact that there are so many relics of each apostle and saint and so many duplicates of every article of primitive interest. The apostles must each have had several heads and a corresponding number of limbs to have furnished the present supply. Helena who discovered the Cross must have had three bodies as there is now one in the Church of Aracaeli in Rome, a second in the Continent of Hautvilliers near Rheims and a third in Constantinople - each one honoured as the true body of the saint. The Cross must have been of enormous size to have furnished all the pieces now exhibited. There are even relics of angels, for example the feather of Michael the Archangel.

Back to Top 202. What is the boast of the Church of Rome in regard to the working of miracles?

She claims that that power has been transmitted to her; that her relics, images and saints have all wrought and continue still to work miracles. Cardinal Newman said: "Certainly the Catholic Church from east to west, from north to south is hung with miracles."

Back to Top 203. Does not the character of the doctrines, in support of which the miracles of Rome are appealed to, warrant us to reject them?

Yes, God declared that any sign given or wonder wrought in support of any doctrine contrary to His Word is, without further examination, to be pronounced false.

Back to Top 204. What is the moral code or character of Rome's alleged miracles?

It has been to a great extent of a low unworthy and childish type. According to Schaff the miracles of the Church of Rome have been not so much supernatural and above reason but unnatural and against reason. We are told for example how St. Berinus after being full sail for France, finding he had forgotten something, walked by dryshod on the sea; how St. Dionysius after being beheaded took his head in his hand and walked two miles; how St. Anthony made a heretic's horse do obeisance to the host by inclining his head and kneeling; how St. Hilarion in answer to the appeal of one of the faithful who patronised the turf but was invariably beaten by his antagonist gave him a jug of water with which to sprinkle his horses and the course, the result being that his horses were able to fly past his competitors and win every race! In contrast to all this the miracles of Christ were works of dignity and power which always corresponded with the object of His mission and were themselves a beautiful illustration of the blessings He came to bestow.

Back to Top 205. What was Newman's opinions of the miracles of Rome before he turned over to the Romish Church?

Newman said that such miracles were "unworthy of an all-wise author", and he added: "The notorious insincerity and frauds of the Church of Rome in other things were in themselves enough to throw a strong suspicion on its testimony to its miracles." After he seceded to the Church of Rome he accepted her miracles, even the bowing of her crucifixes, the winking of her madonnas and the liquidification of the blood of St. Januarius.

Back to Top 206. Is this feature of Rome's character not foretold and severely condemned in the Scriptures?

Yes. One of the features of the man of sin, as described by Paul, is that his coming "is after the working of Satan, with all power and signs and lying wonders [literally with all power and signs and wonder of falsehood, the term 'falsehood' referring to each of the three preceding substantives] and with all deceivableness or unrighteousness in them that perish". For twelve or fifteen centuries the Church of Rome has filled up with her false dogmas and spurious miracles this apostolic outline of the character of the great apostasy.

Back to Top 207. What is prayer?

Prayer is an offering up of our desires unto God for things agreeable to His will in the Name of Christ with confession of our sins and thankful acknowledgement of His mercies.

Back to Top 208. What rule has God given for our direction in prayer?

The whole Word of God is of use to direct us in prayer, but the special rule of direction is that form of prayer which Christ taught His disciples, commonly called 'The Lord's Prayer'.

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